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Thread: 1 kings 1:4

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    Question 1 kings 1:4

    what does the word knew mean? In the king james? "but the king knew her not".....is that sexual in nature, or what he just out of it?

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    Re: 1 kings 1:4

    The Hebrew word "yada" literally means to know but came to be used euphemistically for sexual relations. As TWOT says:

    yda
    is used of God's knowledge of man (Gen 18:19; Deut 34:10) and his ways (Isa 48:8; Psa 1:6; Psa 37:18), which knowledge begins even before birth (Jer 1:5). God also knows the fowl (Psa 50:11).
    yda
    is also used for man's knowledge and for that of animals (Isa 1:3).

    The participle occurs in phrases describing skill in hunting (Gen 25:27), learning (Isa 29:11-13), lamentation (Amos 5:16), sailing the sea (2Chr 8:18), and playing an instrument (1Sam 16:16).

    In certain contexts it means "to distinguish." "To know good and evil" (Gen 3:5, 22) is the result of disobeying God. To distinguish between these is necessary for the king (2Sam 19:36). A child cannot distinguish between the left and right hands (Jon 4:11) nor between good and evil (Deut 1:39; Isa 7:15). The context of the latter passage and the similar statement in Isa 8:4 may indicate that the reference is to a child's not being able to distinguish what is beneficial and harmful. While ordinarily gained by experience, knowledge is also the contemplative perception possessed by the wise man (Prov 1:4; Prov 2:6; Prov 5:2; Eccl 1:18).
    yda
    is used to express acquaintance with a person in such statements as "do you know Laban?" (Gen 29:5; Exo 1:8; 2Sam 3:25). The Pual participle designates kinfolk (2Kings 10:11; etc.) and acquaintances (Job 19:14; Ruth 2:1; etc.). yda is also used for the most intimate acquaintance. God knows Moses by name and face to face (Exo 33:17; Deut 34:10). He knows the Psalmist's sitting and arising (Psa 139:2).
    yda
    is also used for sexual intercourse on the part of both men and women in the well-known euphemism "Adam knew Eve his wife" and its parallels (Gen 4:1; Gen 19:8; Num 31:17, 35; Jud 11:39; Jud 21:11; 1Kings 1:4; 1Sam 1:19). It is used to describe sexual perversions such as sodomy (Gen 19:5; Jud 19:22) and rape (Jud 19:25).

    In addition to knowledge of secular matters yda is also used of one's relation to the divine, whether acquaintance with other gods (Deut 13:3, 7, 14) or with Jehovah (1Sam 2:12; 1Sam 3:7). The heathen do not know God (Jer 10:25) and neither does Israel, according to the prophets (Jer 4:22). The plagues of Egypt were sent so that the Egyptians might know that Jehovah is God (Exo 10:2; etc.). He will destroy (Ezek 6:7) and restore Israel so that they may know that he is God (Isa 60:16). The prophet Ezekiel, in particular, uses the phrase "that you may know" in his threats (Ezek 6:7, 10, 13, 14; Ezek 7:4, 9, 27 etc.).
    For whatever strength of arm he may have who swims in the open sea, yet in time he is carried away and sunk, mastered by the greatness of its waves. Need then there is that we be in the ship, that is, that we be carried in the wood, that we may be able to cross this sea. Now this Wood in which our weakness is carried is the Cross of the Lord, by which we are signed, and delivered from the dangerous tempests of this world.--St. Augustine

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    Re: 1 kings 1:4

    1Ki 1:1 Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat.
    1Ki 1:2 Wherefore his servants said unto him, Let there be sought for my lord the king a young virgin: and let her stand before the king, and let her cherish him, and let her lie in thy bosom, that my lord the king may get heat.
    1Ki 1:3 So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag a Shunammite, and brought her to the king.
    1Ki 1:4 And the damsel was very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not.

    Though I am not mad about the Message, bible...it really does tell it staight sometimes...(sadly at times the preaching style of the MSG, leaves out to many words or puts too many in...)

    But here it is:

    1Ki 1:1 King David grew old. The years had caught up with him. Even though they piled blankets on him, he couldn't keep warm.
    1Ki 1:2 So his servants said to him, "We're going to get a young virgin for our master the king to be at his side and look after him; she'll get in bed with you and arouse our master the king."
    1Ki 1:3 So they searched the country of Israel for the most ravishing girl they could find; they found Abishag the Shunammite and brought her to the king.
    1Ki 1:4 The girl was stunningly beautiful; she stayed at his side and looked after the king, but the king did not have sex with her.

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